Run this DAG

1. Install the Astronomer CLI:Skip if you already have the CLI

2. Initate the project in a local directory:

3. Copy and paste the code below into a file in the

dags
directory.

4. Add the following to your

requirements.txt
file:

5. Run the DAG from the local directory where the project was initiated:

#
# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
# or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
# distributed with this work for additional information
# regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
# KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
# specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
"""
Example Airflow DAG that uses Google PubSub services.
"""
import os
from airflow import models
from airflow.operators.bash import BashOperator
from airflow.providers.google.cloud.operators.pubsub import (
PubSubCreateSubscriptionOperator,
PubSubCreateTopicOperator,
PubSubDeleteSubscriptionOperator,
PubSubDeleteTopicOperator,
PubSubPublishMessageOperator,
PubSubPullOperator,
)
from airflow.providers.google.cloud.sensors.pubsub import PubSubPullSensor
from airflow.utils.dates import days_ago
GCP_PROJECT_ID = os.environ.get("GCP_PROJECT_ID", "your-project-id")
TOPIC_FOR_SENSOR_DAG = os.environ.get("GCP_PUBSUB_SENSOR_TOPIC", "PubSubSensorTestTopic")
TOPIC_FOR_OPERATOR_DAG = os.environ.get("GCP_PUBSUB_OPERATOR_TOPIC", "PubSubOperatorTestTopic")
MESSAGE = {"data": b"Tool", "attributes": {"name": "wrench", "mass": "1.3kg", "count": "3"}}
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_messages_result_cmd]
echo_cmd = """
{% for m in task_instance.xcom_pull('pull_messages') %}
echo "AckID: {{ m.get('ackId') }}, Base64-Encoded: {{ m.get('message') }}"
{% endfor %}
"""
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_messages_result_cmd]
with models.DAG(
"example_gcp_pubsub_sensor",
schedule_interval=None, # Override to match your needs
start_date=days_ago(1),
) as example_sensor_dag:
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_topic]
create_topic = PubSubCreateTopicOperator(
task_id="create_topic", topic=TOPIC_FOR_SENSOR_DAG, project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID, fail_if_exists=False
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_topic]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_subscription]
subscribe_task = PubSubCreateSubscriptionOperator(
task_id="subscribe_task", project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID, topic=TOPIC_FOR_SENSOR_DAG
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_subscription]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_message_with_sensor]
subscription = "{{ task_instance.xcom_pull('subscribe_task') }}"
pull_messages = PubSubPullSensor(
task_id="pull_messages",
ack_messages=True,
project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID,
subscription=subscription,
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_message_with_sensor]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_messages_result]
pull_messages_result = BashOperator(task_id="pull_messages_result", bash_command=echo_cmd)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_messages_result]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_publish]
publish_task = PubSubPublishMessageOperator(
task_id="publish_task",
project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID,
topic=TOPIC_FOR_SENSOR_DAG,
messages=[MESSAGE] * 10,
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_publish]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_unsubscribe]
unsubscribe_task = PubSubDeleteSubscriptionOperator(
task_id="unsubscribe_task",
project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID,
subscription="{{ task_instance.xcom_pull('subscribe_task') }}",
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_unsubscribe]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_delete_topic]
delete_topic = PubSubDeleteTopicOperator(
task_id="delete_topic", topic=TOPIC_FOR_SENSOR_DAG, project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_delete_topic]
create_topic >> subscribe_task >> [publish_task, pull_messages]
pull_messages >> pull_messages_result >> unsubscribe_task >> delete_topic
with models.DAG(
"example_gcp_pubsub_operator",
schedule_interval=None, # Override to match your needs
start_date=days_ago(1),
) as example_operator_dag:
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_topic]
create_topic = PubSubCreateTopicOperator(
task_id="create_topic", topic=TOPIC_FOR_OPERATOR_DAG, project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_topic]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_subscription]
subscribe_task = PubSubCreateSubscriptionOperator(
task_id="subscribe_task", project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID, topic=TOPIC_FOR_OPERATOR_DAG
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_create_subscription]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_message_with_operator]
subscription = "{{ task_instance.xcom_pull('subscribe_task') }}"
pull_messages_operator = PubSubPullOperator(
task_id="pull_messages",
ack_messages=True,
project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID,
subscription=subscription,
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_message_with_operator]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_messages_result]
pull_messages_result = BashOperator(task_id="pull_messages_result", bash_command=echo_cmd)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_pull_messages_result]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_publish]
publish_task = PubSubPublishMessageOperator(
task_id="publish_task",
project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID,
topic=TOPIC_FOR_OPERATOR_DAG,
messages=[MESSAGE, MESSAGE, MESSAGE],
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_publish]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_unsubscribe]
unsubscribe_task = PubSubDeleteSubscriptionOperator(
task_id="unsubscribe_task",
project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID,
subscription="{{ task_instance.xcom_pull('subscribe_task') }}",
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_unsubscribe]
# [START howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_delete_topic]
delete_topic = PubSubDeleteTopicOperator(
task_id="delete_topic", topic=TOPIC_FOR_OPERATOR_DAG, project_id=GCP_PROJECT_ID
)
# [END howto_operator_gcp_pubsub_delete_topic]
(
create_topic
>> subscribe_task
>> publish_task
>> pull_messages_operator
>> pull_messages_result
>> unsubscribe_task
>> delete_topic
)